Jacqueline Cochran becomes the first female pilot to break the sound barrier.
Mary Lou Williams American jazz pianist, arranger, and composer was born. Mary Lou Williams recorded over 100 records wrote and arranged for Duke Ellington, Benny Good Goldman, and others. She was a Grammy nominee.
Olympe de Gouges French author of the "Declaration of the Rights Woman and Female Citizen" is born.
Margaret Thatcher takes office becoming the first female Prime Minister of the U.K.
Edith Stein, a Jewish born Carmelite nun who died in the Nazi concentration camp at Aushwitz, is beautified in the Roman Catholic Church.
Alison Hargreaves becomes the first woman to conquer Everest without oxygen or the help of Sherpas.
Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman nominated for President of the United States as the Equal Rights Party candidate.
Katie Taylor wins first professional World Championship title.With the win, Taylor became the first ever Irish boxer to win World titles at both amateur and professional level.